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North Khorasan Province / Iran

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INTRODUCTION

The name Khorasan is Persian and means ‘where the sun arrives from’. The name was given to the eastern province of Iran during the Sassanid Empire. Ancient geographers and historians divided Iran ("Iran-Shahr") into eight segments of which the most flourishing and largest was the territory of Greater Khorasan. Khorasan was the largest province of Iran until it was divided into three provinces on September 29, 2004. The provinces approved by the parliament of Iran on May 18, 2004 and the Council of Guardians were Razavi Khorasan, North Khorasan, and South Khorasan.

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POLITICAL EOGRAPHY

With an area of 28,179 km2 and a population of 867,727 the province of North Khorasan is located in northeast of Iran and shares 220 km border with Turkmenistan.

Bojnord is the centre of the province and other townships are Jajarm, Garmeh, Esfarayen, Mane-o-Samalqan, Shirvan and Farouj.

North Khorasan province is bounded to Razavi Khorasan Province from the east and south, to Golestan Province from the west, and to Semnan Province from the southwest corner. Kopet-Dagh Mountain ranges on the north forms the frontier with Turkmenistan. Geographically, two major landform can be seen in North Khorasan namely, the flat plains to the south and mountainous terrains to the north.

Province’s main rivers are the Atrak and Kal-e Shur Rivers to the north and south of the province respectively. The Atrak River begins in the mountains of North around Shirvan and Quchan and flows 563 km (350 miles) westward draining into the southeastern corner of the Caspian Sea. The Atrak River irrigates many lands in the Artak Valley in Farouj, Shirvan, Bojnord and Mane-o-Samalghan townships.Kal-e Shur system originates from east of Esfarayen and flows westward and to the south of Jajarm turns toward south and pours into marshlands of Dasht-e Kavir or the great Central Desert.

North Khorasan province contains many historical and natural attractions, such as mineral water springs, small lakes, recreational areas, caves and protected regions, and various hiking areas. A total number of 1300 historical relics have been recorded in the province by the Iranian Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts, and Tourism organization. Artak river valley is rich in historical mounds and tells while most of the historical monuments and buildings are from the Qajar era, as earthquakes continue to ravage older monuments in this zone. The majority of Historical buildings and monuments has been recorded in south of the province in Jajarm and Esfarayen townships.

North Khorasan has a heterogeneous population, consisting of different ethnic groups such as Fars, Kurds, Turks, and Turkmen tribes whose cultural mingling has made the name of 'Treasure of Cultures' becoming for the province. Bojnord as the capital city of the province is mostly famous for multilingualty, because many people speak at least 4 different languages including Persian, Tati dialect of Persian, Khorasani Turkic, Kurmanji Kurdish and Turkmen.

The unique geographical setting of the province with majestic mountains and beautiful rivers has created astonishing and attractive landscapes with rich flora and fauna. More than 200 plant species are known and different herbal types are growing in the foothills, including yarrow, amaranth, borago officinalis, origanum, shallot, etc. Protected areas of the province have retained a good variety of wild-life: panthers, brown bears, wolves, wild-cats, antelopes, ibexes, moufflons, eagles, vultures and other kinds of wild-beasts. Some of the popular attractions of North Khorasan are Besh Qardash (five brothers) and Baba-Aman Parks, Salouk Protected Area, Miandasht Wild-life Refuge, Ayyub mineral water spring, Rowain and Esfidan Villages, Shahr-e Belqays Medieval site, Mofakham cultural-historical complex (archaeological and ethnographic museum) Qal‘eh-i-Jalalu’d-Din, congregational Mosque of Jajarm, and Espakhu temple.

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More information / PDF: Click Here

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Videos:     

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North Khorasan Province:

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Video 1 – / 9 MB / CLICK

 

Video 2 - / 8 MB / CLICK

 

Video 3 - / 43 MB / CLICK

 

Video 4 - / 12 MB / CLICK

 

Video 5 - / 12 MB / CLICK

 

Video 6 - / 12 MB / CLICK

 

Video 7 - / 14 MB / CLICK

 

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ARTS and CRAFTS of North Khorasan Province:

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Video 1 / Charogh (farmers` footwear): / 3 MB / CLICK

 

Video 2 / Sofreh Kurdi (Kurdish table cloth): / 13 MB / CLICK

 

Video 3 / Turkmen carpet and rug: / 12 MB / CLICK

 

Video 4 / Korki (fuzzy) hat: / 13 MB / CLICK

 

Video 5 / Traditional weaving: / 14 MB / CLICK

 

Video 6 / Felt making: / 6 MB / CLICK

 

Video 7 / Traditional embroidery: / 14 MB / CLICK

 

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bojnourd City

of North Khorasan Province:

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Video 1 / Congregational Mosque: / 16 MB / CLICK

 

Video 2 / Mirror House (Ayene-Khaneh): / 22 MB / CLICK

 

Video 3 / Mirror House (Ayene-Khaneh)2: / 23 MB / CLICK

 

Video 4 / Sardar Mofakham Cultural-Historical Complex: / 24 MB /CLICK

 

Video 5 / Besh Qardash Park (five brothers): / 19 MB / CLICK

 

Video 6 / Besh Qardash (five brothers)2: / 18 MB / CLICK

 

Video 7 / Baba-Aman Park: / 20 MB / CLICK

 

Video 8 / Baba-Aman Park2: / 19 MB / CLICK

 

Video 9 / lahak khan Martyrs: / 18 MB / CLICK

 

Video 10 / Abnabat sazi (Candy Making): / 17 MB / CLICK

 

Video 11 / CHENARAN Village: / 19 MB / CLICK

 

Video 12 / Esfidan Village: / 53 MB / CLICK

 

Video 13 / Firozeh Village: / 15 MB / CLICK

 

Video 14 / Badranloo Village: / 38 MB / CLICK

 

Video 15 / Koh Kamar Village: / 31 MB / CLICK

 

Video 16 / Mehnan Village: / 36 MB / CLICK

 

Video 17 / Char Kharvar Village: / 25 MB / CLICK

 

Video 18 / A snowy day in Asadly: / 20 MB / CLICK

 

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Shirvan City

of North Khorasan Province:

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Video 1 / Hamze reza Shrine: / 23 MB / CLICK

 

Video 2 / Shir kooh Prak: / 18 MB / CLICK

 

Video 3 / Char Taghi teymori: / 14 MB / CLICK

 

Video 4 / Gelyan Village: / 18 MB / CLICK

 

Video 5 / Estarkhi Village: / 21 MB / CLICK

 

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Esfarayen City

of North Khorasan Province:

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Video 1 / Shahr-i- Belqays: / 22 MB / CLICK

 

Video 2 / Baba Ghodrat Shrine: / 16 MB / CLICK

 

Video 3 / Historic fabric of Rowain Village: / 3 MB / CLICK

 

Video 4 / Sheykh Bidvazi Tomb: / 21 MB / CLICK

 

Video 5 / Pelmis Village: / 25 MB / CLICK

 

Video 6 / Arge Dolat Abadi: / 21 MB / CLICK

 

Video 7 / Historic fabric of Rowain Village: / 36 MB / CLICK

 

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Mane-o-Samalqan City

of North Khorasan Province:

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Video 1 / Biar Village: / 20 MB / CLICK

 

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Jajarm City

of North Khorasan Province:

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Video 1 / Congregational Mosque: / 22 MB / CLICK

 

Video 2 / Khaje Ali ebn Mahzyar: / 21 MB / CLICK

 

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Garmeh City

of North Khorasan Province:

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Video 1 / Qal‘eh-i Jalalu’d- Din: / 20 MB / CLICK

 

Video 2 / Baghe Mazar: / 18 MB / CLICK

 

Video 3 / Sarcheshme shoghan Park: / 16 MB / CLICK

 

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Farouj City

of North Khorasan Province:

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Video 1 / ostad Historic Bath: / 21 MB / CLICK

 

Video 2 / Khosraviye Village: / 18 MB / CLICK

 

 

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North Khorasan Province Photo Gallery:

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